About Acne, its Types & Symptoms

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What exactly is Acne?

Acne is a continuing disorder of the hair follicles as well as sebaceous glands. A few of the characteristics of acne include black heads, pimples, cysts, infected abscesses, and seldom scarring. Acne usually happens during adolescence in both people. To be more particular, acne starts during puberty and tends to get worse for people with oily skin. Acne badly affects teenage boys. Just mild to moderate forms of acne occur in middle-aged women. Acne is seen most commonly on the face. The other places exactly where it can happen include the neck, upper body, back, shoulders, scalp, as well as upper arms and legs. Many forms of acne are the result of heredity as well as hormonal problems and has nothing to do with a dangerous diet or poor hygiene.

Types of acne

 

Acne starts in a similar method for all but can take different forms and can behave in a unique method according to the body conditions of the individual. A basic lesion called the comedo is the begining of acne. The comedo is an enlarged hair follicle plugged with oil and bacteria residing below the surface of the skin, that waits for the appropriate conditions to grow into an inflamed lesion. Whenever the skin produces more oil, the bacteria grows in the swollen follicle. The surrounding skin becomes increasingly inflamed as your own white blood cells fight against the intruders. 2 main types of acne include non-inflammatory acne and inflammatory acne.
Non-inflammatory acne
Closed comedo:
If the plugged follicle stays below the surface of the skin, the lesion is called a closed comedo. This usually appears on the skin as small, whitish bumps. This condition is otherwise called as whitehead.
Open comedo :
If the plug enlarges as well as pushes through the surface of the skin, the lesion is called an open comedo. The dark appearance of the plug is not due to dirt, but due to the accumulation of melanin, the pigmentation element of the skin. This condition is otherwise called as blackhead.
Inflammatory acne
Papule:
This appears on the skin as a small, fast pink bump. The papules are tender in nature and are often considered an middle step between non-inflammatory as well as clearly inflammatory lesions.
Pustule:
These are small round lesions that are inflamed as well as contain visible pus, which appear red at the base with a yellowish or perhaps whitish center. Pustules do certainly not contain a large amount of bacteria. The inflammation is caused by chemical irritation from sebum components such as fatty free acids.
Cyst:
These are large pus-filled lesions that are usually present deep in the skin. The cysts are very painful lesions, as they are inflamed. Cysts form as a result of the contents of a comedo spilling over the surrounding skin and due to the response of the local resistant system in producing pus. The cysts frequently leave deep scars.
Acne Conglobata:
This is a rare but serious form of inflammatory acne that grows primarily on the back, buttocks, and chest. In addition, to the presence of pustules and cysts, there might be severe bacterial infection.

Signs or symptoms

The common signs or symptoms of acne include persistent, frequent red spots or perhaps swellings on the skin known as pimples. The pimples become inflamed as well as get filled with pus. The pimples usually occur on the face, upper body, shoulders, neck, or perhaps upper part of the back. Many of the other signs or symptoms include dark spots with open pores at the center, that are known as blackheads, bulged spots below the skin without having openings, that are known as whiteheads, and red swellings to lumps filled with pus, which are known as pustules. The pustules can develop from blackheads to whiteheads. Inflamed fluid-filled mounds below the skin known as cysts are additionally a symptom of acne. These cysts can become as large as an inch across.